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Prenatal attachment in the COVID-19 pandemic: A cluster analysis
1Van Training and Research Hospital, Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Van, Turkey
2Basaksehir Cam and Sakura City Hospital, Departmant of Obstetric and Gynecology, Istanbul, Turkey
3Burdur State Hospital, Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Burdur, Turkey
Dusunen Adam Journal of Psychiatry and Neurological Sciences 2021; 34(4): 359-367 DOI: 10.14744/DAJPNS.2021.00158
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Objective: This study examined the relationship between coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic-related psychiatric symptoms and prenatal attachment in pregnant women, a group particularly vulnerable to the psychological, social, and economic effects of the pandemic.
Method: The study group consisted of 68 pregnant women with a healthy pregnancy with no reported psychiatric or other illness. The participants were grouped as those who were pregnant with low COVID-19 anxiety and obsession (Cluster 1) and those who were pregnant with high COVID-19 anxiety and obsession (Cluster 2) based on online scale scores.
Results: The prenatal attachment scores of Cluster 1 were significantly higher than those of Cluster 2. The parameter of financial difficulties due to COVID-19 circumstances was significantly different between the groups.
Conclusion: The results of this study indicated that anxiety, obsessions, and financial difficulties due to the pandemic might have negatively affected mothers' attachment to the child. Due to the possible effects of weak maternal attachment on the child’s mental health, prenatal attachment may be a point for exploration of the psychological effects of the pandemic on future generations.