Çocuklukta Onaylamayan Çevre Ölçeği (ÇOÇÖ) Türkçe Formu’nun geçerlik ve güvenirlik çalışması
Emre Han Alpay, Zumrut Bellur, Arzu Aydin
Makale No: 4   Makale Türü:  Araştırma
Amaç: Çocuklukta Onaylamayan Çevre Ölçeği (ÇOÇÖ) çocukluk yılları boyunca deneyimlenen onaylanmama yaşantılarını geriye dönük olarak değerlendirmek amacıyla geliştirilmiştir. Türkçede çocuklukta onaylamayan çevreyi değerlendirmeye yönelik bir araç olmadığı bilindiğinden, bu çalışmada ölçeğin psikometrik özelliklerinin incelenmesi ve Türkçeye uyarlanması amaçlanmıştır.

Yöntem: Ölçek önce Türkçeye çevrilmiş daha sonra da orijinal dili olan İngilizceye ters çevirisi yapılmıştır. Çalışmaya 303 üniversite öğrencisi katılmıştır. Katılımcılara ÇOÇÖ ile birlikte Kısaltılmış Algılanan Ebeveyn Tutumları Ölçeği-Çocuk Formu (KAET-Ç) ve Rosenberg Benlik Saygısı Ölçeği (RBSÖ) uygulanmıştır.

Bulgular: Doğrulayıcı faktör analizi incelendiğinde elde edilen değerlerin her iki form için de kabul edilebilir düzeyde olduğu belirlenmiştir. ÇOÇÖ anne formunun KAET-Ç anne aşırı koruma, reddedicilik alt boyutları ve RBSÖ ile arasında pozitif yönde ve düşük düzeyde bir ilişki olduğu görülmektedir. Öte yandan ÇOÇÖ anne formunun KAET-Ç anne formunun duygusal sıcaklık alt boyutu ile negatif yönde ve orta düzeyde ilişkili olduğu görülmüştür. ÇOÇÖ baba formu ile ilgili analiz sonuçlarına bakıldığında bulguların ÇOÇÖ anne formu ile aynı doğrultuda olduğu görülmüştür. Mevcut çalışma kapsamında ÇOÇÖ anne ve baba formlarının Chronbach alfa değerleri sırasıyla 0.84 ve 0.87 olarak hesaplanmıştır.

Sonuç: Bulgular Türkçeye uyarlanan ÇOÇÖ’nin psikometrik açıdan kabul edilebilir düzeyde güvenilir ve geçerli olduğunu göstermektedir.
Anahtar Kelimeler: Onaylamayan çevre, ebeveynlik tarzları, güvenirlik, benlik saygısı, geçerlik
Dusunen Adam The Journal of Psychiatry and Neurological Sciences 2018;31:40-49
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